|#10042 NUTHATCH HOUSE (12-1/2"h x 6-1/4"w x 8-1/2"d) Entrance hole diameter 1 ¼”
Nuthatches are secondary cavity dwellers so they look for a nesting location that has already been established naturally or by another bird. Locate housing away from buildings in a mature forest as best protection from house sparrows.
Four species live in North America (White-breasted, Red-breasted, Pygmy, and Brown-headed), and even though they do not take to nesting boxes as well as some other birds, they are cavity-dwelling birds and are worth trying to attract.
Their name comes from their habit of pushing a nut into a crevice in the bark of a tree, and then pounding it, appearing to try to "hatch" it.
The White-breasted Nuthatches (Sitta carolinensis) are found in nearly all states in beeches and oaks in the east, and in oaks and conifers in the west. They have black caps over white faces, with gray backs, short tails, and long, narrow bills. With no great musical talent, these birds give a call that is nasal sounding, either a rapid series of whistles on one pitch, or a one low nasal note. This bird is more widespread and more common at feeders than its red-breasted cousin. It can even be taught to eat from human hands.
The Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis) is slightly smaller, with a distinctive black stripe across the eye and a rust-colored breast. It is also a bird of the forest, preferring conifers or mixed woods in nearly every part of the country. It digs a hole in soft, decaying wood and smears the entrance hole with pitch. They are messy nest-builders, so don't open the nesting box while it is occupied, or it may all fall out.|